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Consultancy - Literature Review on Child Protection Systems

1.    Background
This project seeks to bring on board stakeholders in child protection in the East Africa region, in a high level consultative forum where child protection systems and mechanisms shall be addressed. This project seeks to engage practitioners and actors in countries within the East Africa and Eastern Africa region namely; Ethiopia, Kenya, North and South Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. 

Different countries have made efforts to establish national child protection systems.
Child protection system have been conceptualised as a set of activities, working procedures and institutions involved to prevent and respond to all forms of child abuse and neglect including exploitation.

Different state and non state actors in the East African region have a track record in implementation of various child protection initiatives meant to ensure that children are protected from all forms of violence such as abuse and exploitation. These initiatives have been either through direct services to children, influencing duty bearers through advocacy, awareness raising, undertaking research and documentation. Most of these interventions, until recently, have been by and large issue-based, i.e. identifying and responding to specific threats facing children leading to significant positive impact for children. However, as recent reports demonstrate, millions of children in the region continue to be victims of physical, sexual and emotional abuse in the home, at school or within their communities, the very settings that are supposed to provide a protective environment for them. This is not only a demonstration that the issues of child protection are indeed complex and are a function of many actors and factors, it is also evident that states, as key duty bearers, are not doing enough to invest in childcare and protection.  Yet the fragmented approaches by many development actors, including NGOs and civil society organizations are yet to have significant sustainable impact.

This situation has led to the need for reframing of child protection work to look more broadly at existing gaps in the protection systems or mechanisms available to all children, addressing the structural and root causes of those gaps. The recent shift towards a systems-building approach to child protection that emphasises prevention, coordination and integrated responses between sectors that benefit all children, is part of this re-orientation of approaches. OAK Foundation, for example,  recommends that there is need for an overarching child protection and or welfare policy to provide a basis for components of the national child protection system; strengthening the capacities and functionality of existing child protection system, and mobilising additional resources to support protection interventions .  Also highlighted in the OAK report is the emerging shift by actors from a more theme-based approach towards a more systems oriented approach that focuses on addressing underlying vulnerabilities; a range of child protection issues in different contexts; strengthening existing components of child protection structures and working with communities to prevent and effectively respond to child rights violations. 

Many development actors are already walking this talk by increasingly focussing on the need for building and strengthening child protection systems (CPS) at different levels in different contexts as a fundamental part of a rights-based approach to preventing harm and respond to child protection concerns. However, while significant progress has been made in building and strengthening child protection systems both at national and community levels in the East African Region, challenges still remain. The level and scope of understanding of the concept of National Child Protection Systems (NCPS) by different actors remains different, explaining the differences in approaches applied. It is also evident that many actors are yet to fully adopt an effective coordination and joint learning mechanism for system-building work, a critical aspect of building sustainable child protection interventions in both development and emergency contexts.

In order to try and address some of the challenges and gaps still being faced in ensuring an effective national child protection system in different countries in the region, a regional forum for key stakeholders shall be organised in Nairobi, and its outputs shall be used to develop initiatives for long term interventions.

ANPPCAN is cognisant of the fact that countries within the  Eastern Africa region are at different levels with regards to conceptualisation and practice in child protection systems and hence the need to bring stakeholders together to gain common ground on the matter.

2.    Scope of Work
To address the gaps in knowledge and understanding of National child protection systems in the region, a consultant is being sought to:

    Conduct a desk review and analysis of existing literature on systems and mechanisms of child protection in Ethiopia, Kenya, North and South Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. 
    Compile most recent information on the attempts on on-going initiatives to create or strengthen national child protection systems in target countries, identifying gaps, challenges and recommendations for follow up.
    Identify the structures and systems of child protection in the target countries.
    Determine political will and the potential support of governments and NGOs in the target countries for a Child protection system.
    Prepare a final report with conclusions and concrete recommendations on National Child Protection System that will be presented in the Conference.
    Present the review report to the conference.
    Guide the technical working group established to take forward the work of the stakeholder consultation.

3.    Methodology

The consultant will carry out a desk review and analysis of existing literature on child protection systems in the target countries.  He/she will identify achievements towards establishment of national child protection systems or challenges and gaps that have contributed to failure to establish national child protection systems in the said countries.  He/she will work with a Technical working group from respective countries and the process will be monitored by the working group and validated by key stakeholders involved in child rights and child protection in the region.

4.    Time Frame

It is envisaged that the desk review will take 7 days   including validation meeting.  The first draft report of the findings of the study will be submitted to ANPPCAN by 30th September 2011.  ANPPCAN together with the Technical Working Group will give their comments within a week for the consultant to refine his/her report.  The second draft of the report should be submitted by 5th October 2011 after incorporating comments from the Technical Working Group ready for presentation to the conference for Validation.  The consultant will use the comments from the Validation forum to finalise the report and submit the final report by 7th November, 2011.

Month/dates    Proposed activity    Outputs
       
30th August 2011    Call for proposal    
7th September 2011    Deadline for negotiations, signing of contract and acquiring documents for desk review   
25th September 2011     Submission of First draft report    1.    Inception Report
2nd October 2011     Provision of comments by ANPPCAN and Technical Working Group   
5th October 2011    submission of second report     2.    Second draft review
17th to 19th October 2011    Validation of desk review report    
7th November, 2011    Submission of final report after incorporation of comments from Validation meeting/conference    3.    Final desk review report

5.    Consultant Skills and Experience 
•    A masters Degree in Social Sciences
•    Significant previous research on issues of children in Africa
•    Experience of working with teams to develop documents

Desirable
•    Knowledge of child protection policy framework and service provision
•    Experience of working with partners at Regional and National level

6.    Submission of Expressions of Interest

Please submit your expression of interest including full CV, letter of recommendation, proposed fee per day and a brief outline of proposed methodology for the consultancy to ANPPCAN at regional@anppcan.org marked ‘Expression of Interest for National; Child Protection Systems by 7th  November 2011.

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